Recrystallization and Grain Growth in Nano-structured Austenitic Stainless Steel under Electric Current Heating

Agnieszka T. Krawczyńska 1Malgorzata Lewandowska Roman M. Kuziak 2Krzysztof J. Kurzydlowski 1

1. Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering (InMat), Wołoska 141, Warszawa 02-507, Poland
2. Institute for Ferrous Metallurgy (IMZ), Karola Miarki, Gliwice 44-100, Poland


Nanometals obtained by severe plastic deformation (SPD) exhibit very high strength combined with satisfactory plasticity. The microstructure of SPD metals can further be optimized by post-deformation heat treatment. In most cases, this heating is performed in radiation furnaces. On the other hand, it has been shown that heating by an electric current may significantly change the course of recrystallization and grain growth, due to the influence of the electric current on the migration of point defects and dislocations.

The aim of this work was to determine the influence of electric current heating on the process of recrystallization and grain growth in nano-structured metals obtained by SPD methods. Austenitic stainless steel 316LVM was used in this context for testing the efficiency of such a heat treatment.

Samples of 316LVM austenitic stainless steel were hydrostatically extruded, in a multi-step process with the total true strain of 1.84 to produce a uniform microstructure consisting of nanotwins. The twins averaged 19 nm in width and 168 nm in length. Earlier results proved that a post-deformation annealing at 700°C results in the formation of a recrystallized structure with nanograins of 68 nm in diameter. In the present study samples were heated to 700°C by alternating current, AC, for different periods of time using Gleeble 3800 thermo-mechanical simulator. Changes in the nanostructure of the AC annealed samples were investigated using transmission and scanning electron microscopes. Microhardness was also measured under the load of 200g.

The results obtained on the SPD samples of 316LVM austenitic stainless steels after conventional and AC heating are compared and discussed.


This work was carried out within a NANOMET Project financed under the European Funds for Regional Development (Contract No. POIG.01.03.01-00-015/08).

Legal notice
  • Legal notice:

    Copyright (c) Pielaszek Research, all rights reserved.
    The above materials, including auxiliary resources, are subject to Publisher's copyright and the Author(s) intellectual rights. Without limiting Author(s) rights under respective Copyright Transfer Agreement, no part of the above documents may be reproduced without the express written permission of Pielaszek Research, the Publisher. Express permission from the Author(s) is required to use the above materials for academic purposes, such as lectures or scientific presentations.
    In every case, proper references including Author(s) name(s) and URL of this webpage: must be provided.


Related papers
  1. Financing of industry relevant projects in Poland
  2. Joining ultrafine grained aluminium by friction stir welding - processing, microstructure and mechanical properties
  3. Experimental evaluation of melting point depression in AlSi/AlN nanomultilayer system
  4. Electrospun nanocomposites from PHBV for bone tissue engineering
  5. Nanotechnologie w gospodarce województwa podlaskiego
  6. (Cd, Mn)Te Crystals for X and Gamma Radiation Detectors - an Alternative Material to CdTe and (Cd,Zn)Te. 
  7. Industrial perspectives of nanometals
  8. SEM studies of the etched surface of (Cd,Mn)Te
  9. Modeling of growth kinetics of SiC single crystal in PVT process
  10. Application of micro- and nanostructured biomaterials in regenerative medicine
  11. Welcome address
  12. Core-shell P(LLA-CL) based electrospun nanofibers for peripheral nerve tissue engineering
  13. Surface modification of PCL scaffold changes protein adsorption
  14. Atomic force microscopy characterization of corneocytes
  15. TiO2 nanotubes based composite layers for biomedical applications
  16. Scale up of nanometals production
  17. Modification of epoxy resin properties by adding multi wall carbon nanotubes
  18. Możliwości badawcze Laboratorium Skaningowej Mikroskopii Elektronowej na WIM PW
  19. Otwarcie konferencji
  20. Perspektywy rozwoju nanomateriałów konstrukcyjnych i funkcjonalnych
  21. Zastosowania mikroskopii AFM dla farmacji i medycyny
  22. Wykorzystanie nanotechnologii w procesie odlewania precyzyjnego
  23. Oczyszczanie i modyfikacja nanomateriałów węglowych
  24. Modyfikacje polimerów stosowanych w lotnictwie za pomocą nanorurek węglowych
  25. Luminescent polyurethane nanocomposites: processing, structure and properties
  26. Micro Sensor for cell force measurement
  27. Preliminary studies on degradation of polylactides fibers
  28. Effect of grain size on reactive diffusion between Ti-Al
  29. TEM investigations of the nanostructure, multilayer CrN/Cr coatings obtained by vacuum-arc method
  30. Bulk  nanostructured  titanium  fabricated  by  hydrostatic  extrusion
  31. Composites PLLA/MWNTs produced by twin-screw microcompounder
  32. Polyurethane-based material with calcite and aragonite for tissue engineering composite scaffolds
  33.  A  degradable and highly porous polyurethane scaffolds for bone tissue engineering
  34. Reduced activation ODS ferritic steel – recent development in high speed hot extrusion processing
  35. Investigation of the DLC and novel DLC-polymer hybrid coatings using FIB and SEM techniques
  36. A combination of microCT and FEM methods for development of a new scaffold for bone regeneration
  37. Properties of transparent elastomer nanocomposites (polyurethane/ ZrO2:Eu3+) as materials for optoelectronic application
  38. Investigation of fatique crack growth rate of Al 5484 ultrafine grained alloy after ECAP process
  39. Fire retardant polyurethane elastomers/aluminophosphorate nanocomposites for higher temperature application
  40. The influence of grain refinement on the corrosion mechanism of 7475 aluminium alloy
  41. Wear resistance of the nanostructured 316 LVM austenitic stainless steel processed by hydrostatic extrusion
  42. Modelling the influence of the grain size distribution on the properties of nanometals
  43. Hybrid functional applied to the study of properties of narrow and wide band gap semiconductors
  44. Effect of deformation and strain rate on diminishing of microstructure of aluminium alloys (AlCu4Zr0.5 and AlZn6Mg3CuZr)
  45. Grain refinement in CuCrZr by SPD processing
  46. Tailoring mechanical properties of nano-structured Eurofer 97 steel for fusion applications
  47. Microscopic and surface analytical characterization of TiO2 nanotubes produced by anodic oxidation and thermal treatment 
  48. Investigation of cells interactions with textile scaffolds for bone tissue enginnering
  49. Culture of osteoblasts on nanostructured titanium – preliminary observation
  50. Electrospun polymeric fibers for cartilage regeneration
  51. Biodegradable and bioabsorbable polymeric - ceramic composites for medical applications
  52. Modelling of plastic deformation of nano-polycrystalline materials
  53. Preliminary examinations of mechanical properties of DLC and novel DLC-polymer hybrid coatings for resurfacing hip prostheses
  54. Optimization of the polymeric scaffolds for bone tissue engineering fabricated by rapid prototyping method
  55. Bone tissue engineered product based on human bone derived cells and polyurethane scaffold
  56. Molecular statics simulation of nanoindentation on nanocrystalline copper
  57. Ceramic-polymer composites for medical application
  58. Microstructural and mechanical characterization of zirconia based composite
  59. The influence of nanosilica on wear resistance of ceramic-polymer composites intended for dental fillings
  60. Modeling of order-disorder phase transition in intermetallic compounds
  61. Optimization of polyurethane structure as the potential materials for bone tissue engineering applications
  62. Fabricationg polyurethane/calcium carbonate composite scaffold for bone tissue engineering
  63. Polyurethane nano-composites with luminescence properties for optics and optoelectronics applications.
  64. Tailoring mechanical properties by grain refinement and particle redistribution
  65. Stochastic Approach To The Changes In The Mechanical Properties Of Nano-Crystalline Materials Induced By Grain Growth
  66. Surface effect on atomic ordering in nano-layered L10 AB binaries: multiscale Monte Carlo Simulation
  67. Nowe materiały metaliczne o strukturze nanometrycznej do zastosowań w nowoczesnych gałęziach gospodarki
  68. Characterization of nanopowders
  69. Recent Advances in Making Nanometals by Heavy Plastic Deformation
  70. Microstructure and mechanical properties of HE-treated titanium depending on its initial state
  71. Influence of hydrostatic extrusion parameters on the microstructure and mechanical properties of 6082 aluminium alloy
  72. The effect of grain size distribution on mechanical properties of nanometals
  73. Morphological and surface analytical characterization of chemically pretreated Ti surfaces intended for biomedical applications
  74. Electron microscopy studies of magnesium hydride
  75. Microstructure and mechanical properties of 7475 aluminium alloy processed by SPD methods
  76. Investigation of aqueous surface processes and corrosion mechanisms of Al-(Cu)-Fe-Cr quasicrystaline approximant
  77. Characterization of the effects of hydrostatic extrusion on structure and surface properties of 303 austenitic stainless steel
  78. The Effect of Hydrostatic Extrusion on the Corrosion Stability of Austenitic Stainless Steels
  79. The Effect of Hydrostatic Extrusion on Resistance of 316 Austenitic Stainless Steel to Pit Nucleation
  80. On some peculiarities of electrochemical oxidation of Ti and Ti6Al6V alloy
  81. Nanomaterials in dental applications
  82. Nanostructure formation in austenitic stainless steel
  83. Evaluation of crystal structure and polytypism of SiC in microwave sintered diamond-SiC composite by TEM and HR-TEM
  84. Hydrogen induced changes in 316L stainless steel microstructure
  85. Statistical model of grain growth in polycrystalline nanomaterials
  86. Repair and regeneration of osteochondral defects in the articular joints
  87. Corrosion resistance of nanostructured titanium
  88. Effect of surface treatment on the microstructure of TA6V
  89. Predicting site occupation of Fe in B2 NiAl from ab initio computations
  90. Structure and properties of polyurethane/YAG:Tb3+ nano-composites with luminescence properties
  91. Structure and thermal properties of epoxy resins nano-composites with flame retardants
  92. The influence of ZrO2 containing 10% Eu 3+ on the polyurethane hard domain structure of nano-composites with luminescence properties
  93. An influence of boehmite modification on the dispersion in the polyurethane matrix
  94. Materials hardness estimation by simulation of the indentation process
  95. The application of thermodynamic calculations for the semi-solid processing design
  96. Stability of second phase particles during processing by hydrostatic extrusion
  97. The influence of nano - filler on microstructure homogeneity and selected properties of dental ceramic - polymer composites
  98. Grain Boundary Migration in Nanocrystalline Iron
  99. Thermal properties of L10-TiAl from first principle calculations
  100. Structural stability of zirconia ceramic in water and acid solutions
  101. The influence of the structure of metastable τ - phase on magnetic hysteretic properties of Мn55.5Аl44С0.5 alloy
  102. Morphology and chemical characterization of Ti surfaces modified for biomedical applications
  103. Evaluation of degradation degree of dental hybrid composite used as permanent fillings
  104. Optimization of particle reinforced lead-free solders
  105. Microstructural evaluation during particles addition to lead-free solders
  106. Thermal stability of hybrid polyurethane and modified boehmite
  107. Applications of quantitative image analysis to the description of the morphology of hybrid polyurea-nitryle-urethanes
  108. Improvement of wetting and bonding of SiO2 ceramics and urea-urethane elastomer
  109. A hybrid atomistic-continuum finite element modelling of locally disordered crystalline structure
  110. The role of the weak points in the corrosion resistance of hydrostatically extruded steel porducts
  111. The size effect in strength and fracture toughness of deformation origin submicro- and nanomaterials.
  112. The influence of hydrostatic extrusion on mechanical properties and tribological characteristics of an austenitic stainless steel
  113. Fabrication and micro-structure characterization of Al2O3/Ni-P composites with interpenetrating phases
  114. Hydrostatic extrusion of intermetallic Ti-Al layers
  117. Mechanical properties of aluminium processed by equal channel angular pressing
  119. Model for intermetallic phase and intermetallic compound solidification during diffusion soldering
  120. Texture Development in Model Al-Li Alloy Subjected to Severe Plastic Deformation
  121. The Influence of hydrostatic extrusion on microstructure of 6082 aluminum alloy
  122. Combination of ECAP and Hydrostatic Extrusion for ultra-fine grain (UFG) microstructure generation in 99.98% nickel.
  123. Microstructure refinement under high plastic strain rates in hydrostatic extrusion process
  124. Influence of severe plastic deformation on PLC effect in Al 5XXX alloy
  125. Mechanical properties and deformation behaviour of ultra-fine grained nickel.
  126. Formation of ultrafine gradient structure in hard magnetic alloy Fe-30%Cr-8%Co
  127. Sintering temperature effect on structure and properties of Al2O3/Ni-P composites with interpenetrating phases
  129. SEM investigations of tooth/ filling bonding
  130. Measuring the Grain Size Distribution of Pr-doped Zirconia Nanopowders obtained by Microwave Driven Hydrothermal Synthesis
  131. Development of microstructure and mechanical properties in nickel deformed by hydrostatic extrusion
  132. Nanometals for medical applications
  133. Effect of sever plastic deformation method on microstrucure and mechanical properties of Al and Cu
  134. The influence of twin bands density on microstructure of 316LVM austenitic stainless steel subjected to transverse rolling
  135. Microstructure evaluation in an Al-Li alloy processed by severe plastic deformation
  136. Polymer matrix composites with nanoparticles of TiC obtained by a sol-gel method
  137. Annealing temperature effect on residual stresses in 316L steel subjected to HPT process
  141. Modelling the interaction of crack tip with nanostructure, which creating by deformation.
  144. Atomic-scale Ab-initio computations of the B2-RuAl
  145. Ab-initio calculations of elastic properties Ni3Al and TiAl under pressure
  146. Modelling of the Influence of the Grain Size Distribution on the Grain Growth in Nanocrystals
  147. Ductility of Nanocrystalline Materials Processed by Severe Plastic Deformation
  148. Structural-strength aspects of glass/metallic composite based on Co-Cr-Mo implantation alloy
  149. Microstructure and mechanical properties of binary Al-Li alloys processed by ECAP
  150. Microstructure of the ceramic - polymer composites for dental applications
  151. Effect of Non-conventional Large Deformations on Microstructure and Properties of Metals
  152. Excellent Mechanical Properties of Nickel Processed by High Pressure Techniques
  153. Morphology and properties of oxide films formed on the nanocrystalline 316L austenite steel
  154. Al2O3-Fe functionally graded materials fabricated under magnetic field
  155. Professor CZOCHRALSKI - Distinguished Scientist and Inventor, Founder of the Modern Materials Science
  156. New possibilities of achieving ultra - fine grained microstructure in metals and alloys employing MaxStrain technology
  157. The influence of temperature and pressure on possibility of obtaining Al2O3/Ni-P nanocomposite through hot pressing process.
  158. Mechanical properties nanostructured iron obtained by different methods of Severe Plastic Deformation
  159. Strain localization in nanocrystalline iron after Severe Plastic Deformation
  160. Non-elastic behaviours of high-porosity ceramics and ceramic-polymer composites
  161. The Superplasticity of Hard Magnetic Alloy Fe-23wt.%Co-30%Cr with Submicrocrystalline Structure
  162. Microstructure of Ni-P thin layers obtained by a chemical method
  163. Hydrostatic extrusion and nanostructure formation in an aluminium alloy
  164. Quantitative Description of Microstructure of Nano-materials
  165. The Structure and Mechanical Properties of Low Carbon Low Alloy Steel Subjected to Severe Plastic Deformation
  166. Studies of Ni-P Thin Films by Electroles Deposition Method
  167. Stereology of Nanomaterials
  168. Targeted Research Project: Metallic, Ceramic and Organic Nanomaterials: Processing - Structure - Properties - Applications
  169. Materials Research in Poland

Presentation: Poster at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2009, Symposium H, by Agnieszka T. Krawczyńska
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2009

Submitted: 2009-05-11 15:22
Revised:   2009-06-07 00:48
© 1998-2021 pielaszek research, all rights reserved Powered by the Conference Engine