Search for content and authors

SEM studies of the etched surface of (Cd,Mn)Te

Dominika M. Kochanowska 1Marcin Rasiński 2Marta Witkowska-Baran 1Malgorzata Lewandowska 2Andrzej Mycielski 1

1. Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics, al. Lotników 32/46, Warszawa 02-668, Poland
2. Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering (InMat), Wołoska 141, Warszawa 02-507, Poland


(Cd,Mn)Te crystals grown by Low Pressure Bridgman method were investigated by Scanning Electron Microscopy. Various samples cut from different parts of the crystal (corresponding to different stages of crystal growth process), were lapped, and mechano-chemically polished. Such prepared samples were treated by HF:HNO3:acetic acid solution to discover polarity and discriminate twins [1]. After that treatment defects, like grain boundaries, twin planes and tellurium inclusions are more visible [2] compared to a non-etched surface.

Structural defects such as grains, twin and precipitates form during the crystal growth. Controlling the growth process conditions such as: source material preparation, material stoichiometry, temperature profile on the furnace, supercooling and superheating, growth velocity and cooling rate, – affects the crystal quality.

In this work we want to present our results from the different crystal growth processes and compare the quality of the obtained samples. The study is focused on finding the types and the nature of the defects in our crystals. This knowledge helps us to obtain monocrystalline samples for our studies.


This work was partially supported by the European Union within the European Regional Development Fund POIG 01.01.02-00-108/09. D. K. wants to express her gratitude for the support from the EU's European Social Found, in the frame of the System Project of the Local Government of the Mazowieckie Voivodeship, through grants for PhD students (agreement No. 90/ES/ZS-II/W-2151.1/11).


[1] P. D. Brown, K. Durose, G.J. Russell, J. Woods, J. Cryst. Growth 101, 211-215 (1990).

[2] J. Zhang, W. Jie, L. Wang, L. Luan, Cryst. Res. Technol. 45, No. 1, 7-12 (2010).


Legal notice
  • Legal notice:

Related papers

Presentation: Poster at 15th Summer School on Crystal Growth - ISSCG-15, by Dominika M. Kochanowska
See On-line Journal of 15th Summer School on Crystal Growth - ISSCG-15

Submitted: 2013-04-29 14:20
Revised:   2013-04-29 15:15