Wear resistance of the nanostructured 316 LVM austenitic stainless steel processed by hydrostatic extrusion

Julia A. Budniak ,  Malgorzata Lewandowska ,  Krzysztof J. Kurzydłowski 

Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering (InMat), Wołoska 141, Warszawa 02-507, Poland


Austenitic stainless steels are widely exploited in industry and are used for biomedical applications. For these reasons, the improvement of their properties is of great importance. One of the efficient ways to increase the mechanical properties is grain size refinement down to nanometer scale. Recent results showed that such a refinement is accompanied by increase of flow stress and hardness. On the other hand little is know about the effect nano-refinement on other properties such as wear resistance. The aim of this work was to investigate wear resistance of the  nanostructured 316 LVM austenitic stainless obtained by hydrostatic extrusion (HE).

The tribological tests were performed using a rotating pin-on-disc with fixed pin. The counterpart materials were hardened chromium steel X17CrNi16-2 and ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene. All tests were conducted in normal saline solution (0,9 % NaCl) with sliding speed 0.2 m/s.  The applied loads were 1, 3.5, 6 MPa and the sliding distance was 720 m. The wear rate was calculated by weight loss. The morphologies of the worn surfaces were observed with a scanning electron microscope and characterized by optical surface profiler.

The results indicate that hydrostatic extrusion process in addition to flow stress improves also tribological  properties of the 316 LVM stainless steel. This finding opens new possibilities for biomedical applications of the nano-structured 316 LVM steel.


The HE processes were carried out at the Institute of High Pressure Physics of Polish Academy of Sciences.

Legal notice
  • Legal notice:

    Copyright (c) Pielaszek Research, all rights reserved.
    The above materials, including auxiliary resources, are subject to Publisher's copyright and the Author(s) intellectual rights. Without limiting Author(s) rights under respective Copyright Transfer Agreement, no part of the above documents may be reproduced without the express written permission of Pielaszek Research, the Publisher. Express permission from the Author(s) is required to use the above materials for academic purposes, such as lectures or scientific presentations.
    In every case, proper references including Author(s) name(s) and URL of this webpage: http://science24.com/paper/18557 must be provided.


Related papers
  1. Joining ultrafine grained aluminium by friction stir welding - processing, microstructure and mechanical properties
  2. Experimental evaluation of melting point depression in AlSi/AlN nanomultilayer system
  3. New Research Initiatives in Poland
  4. Nanotechnologie w gospodarce województwa podlaskiego
  5. (Cd, Mn)Te Crystals for X and Gamma Radiation Detectors - an Alternative Material to CdTe and (Cd,Zn)Te. 
  6. Industrial perspectives of nanometals
  7. SEM studies of the etched surface of (Cd,Mn)Te
  8. Welcome address
  9. Atomic force microscopy characterization of corneocytes
  10. TiO2 nanotubes based composite layers for biomedical applications
  11. Scale up of nanometals production
  12. Otwarcie konferencji
  13. Reduced activation ODS ferritic steel – recent development in high speed hot extrusion processing
  14. The influence of grain refinement on the corrosion mechanism of 7475 aluminium alloy
  15. Recrystallization and Grain Growth in Nano-structured Austenitic Stainless Steel under Electric Current Heating
  16. Grain refinement in CuCrZr by SPD processing
  17. Tailoring mechanical properties of nano-structured Eurofer 97 steel for fusion applications
  18. Microscopic and surface analytical characterization of TiO2 nanotubes produced by anodic oxidation and thermal treatment 
  19. Peculiarities of structural changes and diffusion distribution of alloying elements in titanium alloys after mechanical-pulse treatment
  20. Ceramic-polymer composites for medical application
  21. Microstructural and mechanical characterization of zirconia based composite
  22. The influence of nanosilica on wear resistance of ceramic-polymer composites intended for dental fillings
  23. Tailoring mechanical properties by grain refinement and particle redistribution
  24. Nowe materiały metaliczne o strukturze nanometrycznej do zastosowań w nowoczesnych gałęziach gospodarki
  25. Recent Advances in Making Nanometals by Heavy Plastic Deformation
  26. Morphological and surface analytical characterization of chemically pretreated Ti surfaces intended for biomedical applications
  27. Microstructure and mechanical properties of 7475 aluminium alloy processed by SPD methods
  28. Investigation of aqueous surface processes and corrosion mechanisms of Al-(Cu)-Fe-Cr quasicrystaline approximant
  29. On some peculiarities of electrochemical oxidation of Ti and Ti6Al6V alloy
  30. Nanomaterials in dental applications
  31. Nanostructure formation in austenitic stainless steel
  32. Evaluation of crystal structure and polytypism of SiC in microwave sintered diamond-SiC composite by TEM and HR-TEM
  33. Stability of second phase particles during processing by hydrostatic extrusion
  34. The influence of nano - filler on microstructure homogeneity and selected properties of dental ceramic - polymer composites
  35. Structural stability of zirconia ceramic in water and acid solutions
  36. Morphology and chemical characterization of Ti surfaces modified for biomedical applications
  37. Evaluation of degradation degree of dental hybrid composite used as permanent fillings
  38. The influence of hydrostatic extrusion on mechanical properties and tribological characteristics of an austenitic stainless steel
  40. The Influence of hydrostatic extrusion on microstructure of 6082 aluminum alloy
  41. SEM investigations of tooth/ filling bonding
  42. Development of microstructure and mechanical properties in nickel deformed by hydrostatic extrusion
  43. Nanometals for medical applications
  44. The influence of twin bands density on microstructure of 316LVM austenitic stainless steel subjected to transverse rolling
  45. Microstructure evaluation in an Al-Li alloy processed by severe plastic deformation
  48. Microstructure and mechanical properties of binary Al-Li alloys processed by ECAP
  49. Microstructure of the ceramic - polymer composites for dental applications
  50. Hydrostatic extrusion and nanostructure formation in an aluminium alloy

Presentation: Poster at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2009, Symposium H, by Julia A. Budniak
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2009

Submitted: 2009-05-18 10:55
Revised:   2009-06-07 00:48
Web science24.com
© 1998-2021 pielaszek research, all rights reserved Powered by the Conference Engine