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Professor CZOCHRALSKI - Distinguished Scientist and Inventor, Founder of the Modern Materials Science

Krzysztof J. Kurzydlowski 1Stanisław Mańkowski 2

1. Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering (InMat), Wołoska 141, Warszawa 02-507, Poland
2. Warsaw University of Technology (PW), Warszawa, Poland


Prof. CZOCHRALSKI was born in Central Poland in 1835 and died 50 years ago in Poznan.
He obtained engineering degree In Berlin and started to work as assistant to famous scholar Wichard von Moellendorf. Right from the beginning of his career he took interest in what can be now described
as physical metallurgy and pioneered research in plastic deformation of single crystals.
Also contributed to development of modern crystallography.

In 1929 received an honorary degree from Warsaw University of Technology and a year later accepted professorship position with the Faculty of Chemistry at this school. Organized Department and later Institute of Metallurgy and Metal Science. His major interest continued to be with processing
of metals and in particular he researched crystallization. Research in this field, carried out in Germany, resulted in invention of the famous CZOCHRALSKI method for growing large mono-crystals, which paved the way to modern technologies of electronic materials. He also studied elastic, plastic properties of metals and their corrosion resistance. Professor CZOCHRALSKI was a pioneer in what is now described as technology transfer. His inventions match excellence of scientific achievements. Obtained a number of patents in Germany and Poland.

Professor has lived in turbulent times. Holding two citizenships, Polish and German,
and acting successfully both within business and academia he made a great number of fans and enemies. The scientific foundations build at WUT by CZOCHRALSKI proved to be resistant
to historical misfortunes. Faculty of Materials Science and Technology, the leading materials research institution in Poland is proudly continuing tradition of metallurgy and metal science at Warsaw University of Technology. This Faculty is also one of the leaders in technology transfer taking fully with the reach achievements of its famous founder.


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Related papers

Presentation: invited plenary at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2003, Plenary session, by Krzysztof J. Kurzydlowski
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2003

Submitted: 2003-05-24 08:55
Revised:   2009-06-08 12:55