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Topographic and reflectometric investigation of 4H silicon carbide epitaxial layer deposited at various growth rates

Wojciech Wierzchowski 1Krzysztof Wieteska 2Krystyna J. Mazur 1Kinga Kościewicz 1Tomasz Balcer 1Wlodek Strupinski 1Carsten Paulmann 3

1. Institute of Electronic Materials Technology (ITME), Wólczyńska 133, Warszawa 01-919, Poland
2. Institute of Atomic Energy POLATOM, Świerk 05-400, Poland
3. University of Hamburg, Mineralogisch-Pertographisches Institut, Hamburg, Germany


4H silicon carbide substrates of good crystallographic perfection and off-cut of 8o, 4o and 0o were systematically investigated with conventional and synchrotron X-ray diffraction topography and X-ray reflectometry before and after the epitaxial deposition performed at 1560oC with CVD method. The samples were grown with three different growth rates 2, 6 and 12 mm/min and the middle of these values was chosen to be most widely used in other technological manufacturing of SiC layers. The layers were not intentionally doped, while the concentration of substitutional aluminum atoms in the n type substrates was at the level of 1018 cm-3.

The defect structure was carefully studied before and after the epiataxial layer growth with a number of X-ray methods including white beam and monochromatic beam topography. The white beam topographic investigations were performed both in transmission and back-reflection geometry. In order to examine the dislocations in larger area we applied the conventional transmission Lang topography using Mo Ka1 radiation. The topographic methods enabled the identification of the most of defects present in the sample using both the extinction analysis and the simulation of the diffraction images.

The topographic investigations performed after the deposition of the epitaxial layers in the samples with  8o and 4o off-cut confirmed the continuation of the dislocations in the epitaxial deposit. We did not observe any formation of new dislocations and any other extended defects in the epitaxial all three growth rates.

Contrary to that we found a distinct difference of the surface roughness of the layers deposited at different growth rates: the difference is found to increase with increasing applied growth rate.

The presently applied conditions were not suitable to obtain the single polytype 4H-SiC epitaxial deposit for the substrates with 0o off-cut, and the obtained layer contained a large amount of differently distributed other polytypes, especially the 3C one. An interesting phenomenon was observed in the case of the layer deposited at 12 mm/min growth rate, when the 3C polytype formed islands of relatively large dimensions reaching single  hundreds of microns or even single millimeters. These islands  contained several misfit dislocations and other new created defects.

Acknowledgements: The present work was supported by the grant of Ministry of Science and High Education, N N N 505 379737 while the synchrotron investigations were supported by the EC 20100001 HASYLAB project.


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Related papers

Presentation: Oral at IX Krajowe Sympozjum Użytkowników Promieniowania Synchrotronowego, by Krystyna J. Mazur
See On-line Journal of IX Krajowe Sympozjum Użytkowników Promieniowania Synchrotronowego

Submitted: 2011-06-15 12:36
Revised:   2011-07-06 10:22