Influence of metal cations on the turnover rate of cellobiose dehydrogenase

Christopher Schulz 1Roland Ludwig 2Lo Gorton 1

1. Lund University, Biochemistry, Getingevagen 60, Lund SE-22100, Sweden
2. BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Institute of Food Technology, Muthgasse 18, Vienna 1190, Austria

Abstract

Cellobiose dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.99.18) is an extracellular fungal redox enzyme, which has recently shown promising properties for applications in both biosensors and biofuel cells [1]. It is a two domain enzyme composed of a catalytic FAD containing domain connected through a polypeptide linker region with a cytochrome b domain. In the catalytic reaction, the substrate is oxidised at the FAD domain, which in turn is reoxidised through an intramolecular and sequential electron transfer process donating the electrons to the cytochrome b domain, from which the electrons can be donated directly to an electrode. The mechanism with which the electrons are transferred between the two domains is unknown and very pH dependent. However, it is believed that the surface exposed heme of the cytochrome b domain enters the substrate channel of the FAD domain allowing the electrons to be transferred between the two domains.

We have now found that when increasing the concentration of metal cations the rate of the intramolecular electron transfer reaction of CDH immobilized on an electrode surface could be increased substantially up to 23 times. Increases were higher with divalent metal cations compared to monovalent metal cations, but were also dependent on the type of cation, confirmed also by enzymatic assays of CDH in solution. These findings are of interest both for a deeper understanding of the electron transfer pathway in the enzyme and a way how to increase the bioelectrocatalytic current density when the enzyme is used in the direct electron transfer mode on an electrode. Recent results and a proposed mechanism to explain the observed effect will be shown and discussed.

 

References:

[1] R. Ludwig, W. Harreither, F. Tasca, L. Gorton; ChemPhysChem, 2010, 11, 2674

 

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Presentation: Short communication at SMCBS'2011 International Workshop, by Christopher Schulz
See On-line Journal of SMCBS'2011 International Workshop

Submitted: 2011-08-30 16:50
Revised:   2011-08-31 18:22