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Growth of Zinc Oxide Crystals and Their Scintillation Properties

Yuji Kagamitani 1Dirk Ehrentraut 1Jan Pejcha 2Martin Nikl 2Hideho Odaka 3Akira Yoshikawa 1Hiroshi Fukumura 3Tsuguo Fukuda 1

1. Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials (IMRAM), Sendai 980-8577, Japan
2. Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics, Cukrovarnicka 10, Prague 16253, Czech Republic
3. Department of Chemistry Faculty of Sciences Tohoku University, 6-3 Aramaki Aza Aoba, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578, Japan


ZnO is a wide band-gap semiconductor (Eg = 3.37 eV) with a high exciton binding of 60 meV. It has great potential for application in optoelectronics, piezoelectricity, and UV-blue LED. Since exciton luminescence of ZnO shows very short decay time of < 1 ns, it is attractive as ultra-fast scintillator material. However intensity of exciton luminescence of ZnO for device application is relatively low because of following reasons:

  1. Self-absorption of exciton luminescence
  2. Damage of surface that results luminescence in the green-yellow spectral region.

In this study, comparison of scintillation properties of ZnO with different surface quality was performed. Moreover, growth and effect of donors on red-shift of the luminescence wavelength was examined in details in order to decrease self-absorption.

ZnO crystals were grown by hydrothermal method from Pt container and liquid phase epitaxy (LPE) with LiCl flux. Photoluminescence spectra at room temperature were measured with Xe lamp excitation and S900 spectrometer (Edinburgh Instruments). For decay time measurement, fs laser CPA2001 (Clark-MXR) was used as an excitation source. (260 nm, 160fs).

The as grown ZnO epitaxial layers with untreated surface show highest emission intensity from the band edge, and defect-related luminescence was low. It was also confirmed that exciton luminescence of ZnO can be increased by improving after-growth machining of the crystals. Exciton luminescence of In3+-doped ZnO was shift to longer wavelength range (398 nm). In:ZnO crystals demonstrated ultra-short decay of two components (40 ps and 650ps).


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Related papers

Presentation: Poster at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2006, Symposium F, by Yuji Kagamitani
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2006

Submitted: 2006-07-11 04:09
Revised:   2009-06-07 00:44