X-ray Absorption Fine Structure study of nickel grains embedded in the carbonaceous films

Mirosław Kozłowski 1,2Robert Nietubyć 3Elzbieta Czerwosz 1,4Ryszard Diduszko 1,2,5Piotr Dłużewski 2Joanna Rymarczyk 1Edmund Welter 6

1. Industrial Institute of Electronics (PIE), Dluga, Warszawa 00-241, Poland
2. Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics, al. Lotników 32/46, Warszawa 02-668, Poland
3. Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies, Hoża 69, Warszawa 00-681, Poland
4. Akademia Świętokrzyska im. Jana Kochanowskiego, Świętokrzyska 15, Kielce 25-406, Poland
5. Institute of Electronic Materials Technology (ITME), Wólczyńska 133, Warszawa 01-919, Poland
6. Hamburger Synchrotronstrahlungslabor HASYLAB (HASYLAB), Notkestrasse 85, Hamburg D-22603, Germany


We have measured Ni K-edge extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectra for 300 nm thick carbonaceous films containing Ni clusters of the size in the range 2‑20 nm The films with various nickel concentrations have been deposited onto a Mylar® foil substrate by PVD method. EXAFS measurements have been performed in fluorescence and transmission mode at the A1 beamline at DORIS III in Hamburg.

The EXAFS spectra were interpreted by fitting calculated scattering paths contributions to the experimental contributions extracted from the measured fine structure by Fourier Transform filtering. The analysis was supported by ab initio model calculations (FEFF) performed for distorted fcc structures and structures optimized for Ni13 clusters.

It has been found that for none of the studied samples the range of crystalline order exceeded 5 neighboring shells (6 Å). Spectra measured for the samples containing the most diluted nickel showed an enhanced white line and other spectral features which are not observed for metallic bulk nickel. For samples having Ni concentration of 2.7 wt% the crystalline order has been found to be limited to the nearest neighbors.

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Presentation: Poster at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2007, Symposium I, by Mirosław Kozłowski
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2007

Submitted: 2007-05-15 15:09
Revised:   2009-06-07 00:44