The aggregation of magnetic cations in a semiconductor

Alberta Bonanni 

Institut für Halbleiter und Feskörperphysik, Johannes Kepler Universität (FKP-JKU), Altenbergerstr. 69, Linz 4040, Austria


Recent theoretical and experimental studies indicate that semiconductor/ferromagnetic metal nanocomposite systems may exhibit novel and hitherto unexplored functionalities in spintronics, but also in photonics and thermoelectrics. We summarise our studies [1-5] demonstrating that it is possible to fabricate (Ga,Fe)N where the Fe ions are distributed in the nitride matrix in a controllable way giving rise either to a diluted random alloy or to chemical decomposition into (Ga,Fe)N regions more or less rich in the magnetic component or to ferromagnetic FeNx nanocrystals buried in the GaN host. The aggregation of the Fe cations exhibits a strong dependence on the growth-rate and -temperature, allowing – when appropriately mastered – a control of the solubility limit. Moreover, the formation of the Fe-rich nanocrystals and, hence, the ferromagnetic response of (Ga,Fe)N can be affected by doping with donors and acceptors. Our findings confirm the hypothesis that the attractive force between magnetic cations can be adjusted by varying their charge state [6].

1. A. Bonanni, M. Kiecana, C. Simbrunner, Tian Li, M. Sawicki, M. Wegscheider, M. Quast, H. Przybylinska, A. Navarro-Quezada, R. Jakieła, A. Wolos, W. Jantsch, and T. Dietl, Phys. Rev. B 75, 125210 (2007).

 2. M. Wegscheider, Tian Li, A. Navarro-Quezada, B. Faina, A. Bonanni, W. Pacuski, R. Jakieła, and T. Dietl, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter  20, 454222 (2008).

3. W. Pacuski, P. Kossacki, D. Ferrand, A. Golnik, J. Cibert, M. Wegscheider, A. Navarro-Quezada, A. Bonanni, M. Kiecana, M. Sawicki, T. Dietl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 037204 (2008).

4. A. Bonanni, A. Navarro-Quezada, Tian Li, M. Wegscheider, R.T. Lechner, G. Bauer, Z. Matěj, V. Holy, M. Rovezzi, F. D’Acapito, M. Kiecana, M. Sawicki, and T. Dietl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 135502 (2008).

5. M. Rovezzi, F. D’Acapito, A. Navarro-Quezada, B. Faina, T. Li, A. Bonanni, F. Filippone, A. Amore Bonapasta, and T. Dietl, Phys. Rev. B, in print.

6. T. Dietl, Nature Materials 5, 673 (2006).

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Related papers
  1. On the formation of magnetic nanocomposites and impurity complexes in GaN doped with Fe and Mn
  2. Growth and doping of (Ga,Mn)N epitaxial films
  3. Growing semiconductor nitrides into spintronic and magnetooptic materials
  4. Magnetyczna spektroskopia i spektro-mikroskopia na materiałach spintronicznych
  5. Growth, Fe incorporation, and properties of GaN:Fe and (Ga,Fe)N:Mg
  6. Photoluminescence and Hall studies of GaN:Fe and (Ga,Fe)N:Mg layers

Presentation: Invited oral at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2009, Symposium E, by Alberta Bonanni
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2009

Submitted: 2009-05-21 12:10
Revised:   2009-06-07 00:48
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