Search for content and authors

The identification and quantification of e martensite in a FeMnSiCrNi shape memory alloy by means of EBSD

Kim Verbeken ,  Nele Van Caenegem 

University of Ghent, Civil Engineering, metallurgy and materials science, Technologypark 903, Zwijnaarde, Gent 9052, Belgium


The determination of the volume fraction of e martensite is of crucial importance to study the shape memory behaviour of an iron based shape memory alloy (SMA). Several techniques have been used in literature trying to obtain a reliable measurement of this volume fraction. The results of these attempts were, however, not satisfying. The e martensite appears as thin lines in the optical microscopy. In TEM, the sequence of very thin lines forms an e band of only 0.4 ┬Ám thickness.

In the present work, the amount of e martensite in a FeMnSiCrNi shape memory alloy was measured by means of Electron BackScatter Diffraction (EBSD). Despite the specific nature of the austenite to e martensite transformation, which affected the image quality parameter, it was proven, through the high confidence index, that a correct indexing of the diffraction pattern of e martensite is possible with this technique. The evolution of the e martensite volume fraction could readily be followed with a reasonable accuracy, through the entire processing: before deformation, after deformation and after subsequent annealing. These results showed that EBSD has a high potential to quantify the e martensite fraction in an iron based SMA.


Legal notice
  • Legal notice:

Related papers

Presentation: Poster at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2007, Symposium J, by Nele Van Caenegem
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2007

Submitted: 2007-07-06 15:55
Revised:   2009-06-07 00:44