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Origin of diffuse scattering appearing in iron-doped Ti-Ni shape memory alloys

Takuya Yamamoto ,  Mi-Seon Choi ,  Sho Majima ,  Takashi Fukuda ,  Tomoyuki Kakeshita 

Osaka University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan


We have investigated diffuse scattering appearing in Ti-Ni based shape memory alloys to understand the origin of instability of the B2-type structure in the system. Transmission electron microscope observation and a first-principle electronic structure calculation have been made for the alloys with Ti-(50-x)Ni-xFe (x = 6, 7, 8, 10). Obvious first order R-phase transformation is suppressed in the examined alloys. Still, they exhibit diffuse scattering in the electron diffraction pattern at incommensulate positions of <ζζ0> on cooling. The value ζ increases with decreasing temperature for all the alloys. It locks into the exact 1/3 for the alloy with x = 6, while does not for the alloys with x = 7 and more down to about 20 K (the lowest limit of the present study). The temperature at which the incommensulate scattering start to appear, T1, is close to the one at which the electrical resistivity exhibits a local minimum for all the alloys and the value ζ at T1 decreases with increasing Fe content. For all the alloys, the value of ζ at T1 is nearly the same as the length of the Fermi surface nesting vector, which is obtained by calculating generalized susceptibility of the B2-type structure along the [110] direction. From these results, it is most likely that Fermi surface nesting is responsible for the instability of B2-type structure in Ti-Ni based shape memory alloys.


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Presentation: Oral at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2007, Symposium E, by Takuya Yamamoto
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2007

Submitted: 2007-05-15 09:36
Revised:   2009-06-07 00:44