Electrodeposition of metalloporphyrines for the preparation of electrocatalytically active surfaces
|Thorsten Schilling , Justus Masa , Ayodele O. Okunola , Wolfgang Schuhmann , Michael Bron|
Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Anal. Chem. - Elektroanalytik & Sensorik (ELAN), Universitätsstr. 150, Bochum 44780, Germany
Another important issue in current fuel cell research is the utilization of the catalysts within the gas diffusion electrodes needed to obtain high current densities during application. To prepare these, the catalysts are processed in form of a slurry containing additives, which is then sprayed onto a gas diffusion layer (e.g. carbon cloth) or the electrolyte membrane. An alternative to this approach would be, if firstly the gas diffusion electrode is prepared without the active material, and the latter would then be deposited onto this gas diffusion electrode. The advantage here is that the active material will only be deposited at sites which are electrochemically connected and will later participate in the respective electrocatalytic reaction, thus saving costly material.
Having this in mind, we are currently investigating techniques to electrodeposit metalloporphyrines onto carbon-based electrode materials. The employed porphyrines contain Fe, Co or Mn as central metal ions and are deposited via a pulsed potential technique. Substrates include flat glassy carbon surfaces but also layers of CNTs. CNTs have been chosen since they chemically much more stable then the usually employed carbon blacks, which tend to corrode under the conditions of a working fuel cell. Activity for the oxygen reduction reaction is determined by cyclic voltammetry and rotating disc electrode measurements; further characterisation includes e.g. SEM and XPS. It will be shown that electrodeposition of metalloprophyrines onto CNTs enhances their catalytic activity for the oxygen reduction reaction. Furthermore, activity is strongly influenced by the substituents at the macrocyclic ring as well as the nature of the central metal ion, with Mn porphyrines exhibiting activity similar to that of the more frequently used iron porphyrines. Heat treatment of metalloporphyrines when deposited onto CNTs enhances their activity with the optimum heat treatment temperature being in the range of 650 - 850 °C.
Presentation: Short communication at SMCBS'2009 International Workshop, by Michael Bron
See On-line Journal of SMCBS'2009 International Workshop
Submitted: 2009-09-02 19:36 Revised: 2009-09-28 22:44
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