Carbon Nanotubes Supported Bimetallic Palladium-Gold Electrocatalysts for Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cell

Cheng-Han Chen 1Wei-Jen Liou 1Wei-Syuan Lin 1Hong-Ming Lin 1She-huang Wu 1Leszek Stobinski 2,3Andrzej Borodzinski 2Piotr Kedzierzawski 2

1. Tatung University, Department of Material Engineering (TTU), 40 ChungShan North Road, 3rd Section Taipei 104, R.O.C., Taipei 10461, Taiwan
2. Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physical Chemistry, Kasprzaka 44/52, Warszawa 01-224, Poland
3. Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering (InMat), Wołoska 141, Warszawa 02-507, Poland


Preparation and characterization of palladium and palladium-gold nanoparticles on multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) electrocatalysts towards formic acid electrooxidation are described.  Palladium and gold have been deposited on MWCNTs by pol-yol method using PdCl2 and HAuCl4.4H2O as precursors.  The catalysts synthesized after annealing in H2(5%)/Ar mixture gas are characterized by XRD, TEM, EDS and cyclic voltammetry.  According to XRD analysis, annealed Pd-Au/MWCNTs catalyst reveals solid solution structure of Pd-Au nanoparticles.  The images of TEM show that: (i) Pd and Pd-Au nanoparticles particle sizes are in the ranges of 5-10 nm and 20-40 nm, respectively, (ii) they are both distributed uniformly on MWCNTs, and (iii) Pd-Au/MWCNTs have core/shell (Pd/Pd-Au) structure.  Pd-Au/MWCNTs shows significantly improved catalytic activity and the stability at room temperature for formic acid electrooxidation.  The specific catalysis of palladium in Pd-Au/MWCNTs is found to be more than two times higher than that of Pd/MWCNTs catalyst.

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Presentation: Invited oral at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2009, Symposium H, by Hong-Ming Lin
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2009

Submitted: 2009-06-02 07:54
Revised:   2009-06-07 00:48
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