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A method for procedural standardisation for preparing and processing nanopowders using microwaves

Michael La Robina 1Cristina Leonelli 2Antonino Rizzuti 2

1. Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), New-Illawarra-Road.Lucas-Hieghts, Sydney 2234, Australia
2. Universita di Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy


In order to establish the work output from a laboratory is of high scientific quality, it is imperative that a well defined procedure is used. The advantages of using a standard procedure are great when comparing the work and results obtained in the same laboratory by many different researchers. It allows immediate verification by the project leader that the data is either of high quality for publication or that it might be necessary to repeat the experiments because data from separate researches are inconsistent. The mechanism of this verification is referred to as TRACEABILITY. The project leader can trace back through the procedures used and determine where the difference or inconsistency may have arisen. If the researchers and their team have followed the defined procedure(s) for that work, then errors or inconsistencies are very quickly found. Traceability ensures Quality Assurance.

The use of such standard procedures becomes very critical and indispensable when a group of laboratories form consortium and cross check each others work or may undertake different stages of one large project that is clearly too big to be done by one laboratory. This is evident if one looks at the mechanisms used for projects that are multinational where groups of laboratories in each nation are given a set of tasks for the final successful conclusion of a large project.

To illustrate this, the authors present as an example a procedure that was developed for the preparation and processing of nanopowders using microwaves.

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Related papers

Presentation: Poster at COST action D32 Mid term evaluation meeting, by Michael La Robina
See On-line Journal of COST action D32 Mid term evaluation meeting

Submitted: 2006-04-28 07:30
Revised:   2009-06-07 00:44