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Metal plasticity during structure formation by twist extrusion

Yan Y. Beygelzimer Boris M. Efros 2Dmitry V. Orlov 1

1. Donetsk State Technical University, Artioma str. 58, Donetsk 340000, Ukraine
2. National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, A.Galkin Donetsk Institute for Physics & Technology (DonPTI NASU), Roza Luxemburg 72, Donetsk 83114, Ukraine


Severe plastic deformations at last time attract intent attention of researchers that work in field of physical materials science. It's a powerful tool for transformation of materials structures. Basic structure forming regularities during the plastic deformation are determined by the parameters of initial structural material state, temperature-velocity deformation conditions, and mechanics of deformation process. The last is specified by scheme of external kinematics and force action on deformed volume (by the deformation scheme, tool geometry, conditions of contact friction etc.) and determine the series of basic process parameters: value of accumulated deformations intensity and deformations velocities in any spots, orientation of macroshear spatial evolution, configuration of deformed volume changes, homogeneity of stress and strain distribution etc. Each of these parameters influence in the corresponding way on formation of structure and properties of work materials.

There are two ways are used now for deriving severe plastic deformations without forming. The first way is torsion of disc-shaped blanks in Bridgmen anvils and the second one is equal channels corner extrusion of cylindrical and prismatic blanks.

A new method for deriving severe plastic deformations by hydromechanical extrusion of prismatic specimens throw a twist channel die is offered in this paper. All the cross-sections pf the channel that is orthogonal to the extrusion axis are invariable along this axis. An inclination of twist line changes along the matrix height and on initials and final section it's equal to zero. The peculiarities pf channel geometry bring that the form of specimen doesn't change. It allows multiple extrusion of one for the purpose severe deformations accumulation.


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Related papers

Presentation: poster at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2003, Symposium G, by Boris M. Efros
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2003

Submitted: 2003-05-08 14:30
Revised:   2009-06-08 12:55