Direct electron transfer of Trametes hirsuta laccase in a dual-layer-architecture of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) films

Xiaoju Wang 1Rose-Marie Latonen 2Pia Sjöberg-Eerola 1Johan Bobacka 2Mikael Bergelin 1

1. Åbo Akademi University, Process Chemistry Center, Labortory of Inorganic Chemistry, Turku 20540, Finland
2. Åbo Akademi University, Process Chemistry Center, Labortory of Analytical Chemistry, Turku 20540, Finland

Abstract

Laccase (EC 1.10.3.2) widely distributes in fungi, higher plants, and also in some bacteria, which has a relatively broad substrate spectrum and is thermostable and environmentally friendly catalyst. Laccase finds application as the catalyst in the O2-consuming cathode for biofuel cells after being integrated into the enzyme electrode [1, 2].

Direct electron transfer (DET) type biocatalysis was accomplished for Trametes hirsuta laccase (ThL) on glassy carbon (GC) electrode by immobilizing laccase into a well-designed dual-layer-architecture of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT). PEDOT films were subsequently deposited on GC electrode via electropolymerization, with NO3- as counterion for the first accommodation layer and poly(styrene-sulfonate) anions (PSS-) for the second capping layer. The enzyme (ThL) was cast on top of the accommodation layer (PEDOT-NO3), and then the capping layer (PEDOT-PSS) was electrodeposited to entrap ThL between the layers. This enzyme electrode is reported to be able to promote DET between ThL and the GC electrode and catalyze the reduction of O2 into water. The influence of fabrication parameters on the enzyme electrode performance was investigated through chronoamperometric measurements. The investigated parameters included different combinations of PEDOT films, ThL loading and the thicknesses of both PEDOT layers. As a representative, one optimized dual-layer-architecture enzyme electrode of PEDOT-NO3(28 mC)/ThL(1.26 U)/PEDOT-PSS(3.5 mC) performed fairly good reproducibility and operational-stability. Its pH-profile exhibited a bell-shape with an optimal pH in the range of 3.0-3.5. The influences of ionic strength and addition of a non-ionic surfactant into the buffer solution on the enzyme electrode performance were also studied in order to obtain information about DET-mechanism of ThL in the dual-layer-architecture. Based on the information obtained from different characterizations, π-π interaction between the PSS- ions and the hydrophobic substrate-binding pocket in the vicinity of the T1 Cu site was proposed to result in a favorable location of the conducting polymer chain close to the T1 Cu site and thus facilitate DET of ThL within this particular architecture [3]. The applicability of this approach to various electrode materials is also underlined, which makes it a favorable approach to construct an O2-consuming cathode for biofuel cells.

References

[1] Barton, S.C., Gallaway, J., & Atanassov, P., Chem. Rev., 104 (2004) 4867-4886.

[2] Shleev, S., Tkac, J., Christenson, A., Ruzgas, T., Yaropolov, A.I., Whittaker, J.W., & Gorton, L., Biosens. Bioelectron., 20 (2005) 2517-2554

[3] Wang, L., Latonen, R.-M., Sjöberg-Eerola, P., Eriksson J.-E., Bobacka, J., Boer, H., & Bergelin, M., J. Phys. Chem. C, 115 (2011) 5919-5929

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Presentation: Poster at SMCBS'2011 International Workshop, by Xiaoju Wang
See On-line Journal of SMCBS'2011 International Workshop

Submitted: 2011-09-27 13:52
Revised:   2011-09-27 14:34
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