High pulse power mid-infrared AlGaAs/GaAs quantum cascade lasers

Kamil Kosiel ,  Maciej Bugajski ,  Anna Szerling ,  Justyna Kubacka-Traczyk ,  Piotr Karbownik ,  Emilia Pruszyńska-Karbownik ,  Kamil Pierściński 

Institute of Electron Technology (ITE), al. Lotników 32/46, Warszawa 02-668, Poland

Abstract

High pulse power, mid-infrared AlGaAs/GaAs-quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) operation with no cryogenic cooling is reported. The laser design followed 3QW anticrossed-diagonal scheme [1]. The structures used double-plasmon Al-free waveguide for planar optical confinement. The injector doping was ~ 2.2x1012cm-2 per period.

The electronic band structure of QCL has been calculated by solving Schroedinger equation with position dependent effective mass by finite difference method. The laser structures were grown by solid source MBE. The (100) oriented GaAs n+ substrates were used. The substrate temperature Ts was kept at 580 0C. The value of V/III ratio was at least 35 for growth of both GaAs and Al0.45Ga0.55As layers [3][4].

For obtaining information about thickness and a composition of component layers of both test structures and a complete QCL structures, the analysis of double-crystal rocking curves was carried out. The dynamical diffraction theory has been used for simulating the symmetric (004) reflections, leading to extraction of structural parameters of periodic structures. The better than 1% thickness accuracy has been routinely achieved for lasing structures.

The double trench lasers were fabricated using standard processing technology, i.e., wet etching and Si3N4 for electrical insulation. The low resistivity Ni/AuGe/Ni/Au ohmic contacts, alloyed in 4300C, were used at the top of the devices. After the wafer was thinned down to about 100 mm, an alloyed AuGe/Ni/Au contact was deposited on the backside. For current injection, windows were opened through the insulator with width 25, 35, and 50 mm. The lasers were cleaved into bars of  1 and 2.5 mm length and soldered with Au/Sn eutectic, epilayer down on diamond heatspreader and copper submounts. The devices emitted at 9.4 mm and operated up to 240 K, in pulsed mode with powers ~ 1W (77 K) and few mW (240 K) with slope efficiency h»0.70 W/A per uncoated facet.

 

 

[1]    H. Page, C. Becker, A. Robertson, G. Glastre, V. Ortiz, C. Sirtori, Applied Physics Letters, vol.78,. 3529 (2001).

[2]   K. Kosiel, J. Kubacka-Traczyk, P. Karbownik, A. Szerling, J. Muszalski, M. Bugajski, P. Romanowski, J.Gaca, M. Wójcik, Microelectronics Journal, vol. 40, 565 (2009)

[3]   K. Kosiel, M. Bugajski, A. Szerling, J. Kubacka-Traczyk, P. Karbownik, E. Pruszyńska-Karbownik,

        J. Muszalski, A. Łaszcz, P. Romanowski, M. Wasiak, W. Nakwaski, I. Makarowa, P. Perlin, Photonics

        Letters Poland, vol..1, 16 (2009)

[4]   K. Kosiel, M. Bugajski, A. Szerling, J. Kubacka-Traczyk, P. Karbownik, J. Muszalski, P. Romanowski,

        15th European Molecular beam Epitaxy Workshop, March 8-11, 2009, Zakopane, Poland

Legal notice
  • Legal notice:

    Copyright (c) Pielaszek Research, all rights reserved.
    The above materials, including auxiliary resources, are subject to Publisher's copyright and the Author(s) intellectual rights. Without limiting Author(s) rights under respective Copyright Transfer Agreement, no part of the above documents may be reproduced without the express written permission of Pielaszek Research, the Publisher. Express permission from the Author(s) is required to use the above materials for academic purposes, such as lectures or scientific presentations.
    In every case, proper references including Author(s) name(s) and URL of this webpage: http://science24.com/paper/18468 must be provided.

 

Related papers
  1. Far field pattern of AlGaN cladding free blue laser diodes grown by PAMBE
  2. Thermal analysis of GaAs/AlGaAs quantum – cascade lasers
  3. Effects of composition grading at the heterointefaces and Layers Thickness Variations on Bragg Mirror Quality
  4. The influence of ridge sizes on room-temperature performance of the 405-nm InGaN/GaN RW diode laser
  5. MBE growth and characterization of InAs/GaAs for infrared detectors

Presentation: Oral at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2009, Symposium D, by Maciej Bugajski
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2009

Submitted: 2009-05-13 16:15
Revised:   2009-08-13 17:30
Google
 
Web science24.com
© 1998-2021 pielaszek research, all rights reserved Powered by the Conference Engine