Microstructural Evolution in Mechanical Alloying and Hot Pressing of Aluminium and 316 Stainless Steel Powder Blend

Indranil Manna 2Asis Samanta 4Partha P. Chattopadhyay 4Witold Łojkowski 3Hans-Jörg Fecht 1,5

1. Ulm University, Albert-Einstein-Allee 47, Ulm 89081, Germany
2. Indian Institute Of Technology,Kharagpur (IIT), Kharagpur, India
3. Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of High Pressure Physics (UNIPRESS), Sokolowska 29/37, Warszawa 01-142, Poland
4. B E College, Howrah 711103, India
5. Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institute of Nanotechnology, P.O.B. 3640, Karlsruhe D-76021, Germany


Mechanical alloying is a solid-state non-equilibrium mechano-chemical synthesis technique for producing nanocrystalline or amorphous metallic alloys, intermetallic phases, compounds and composites. The process involves a complex sequence of deformation, fragmentation, cold welding, dynamic-polygonization and grain refinement. Thus, milling in a planetary ball mill could simulate the microstructural changes anticipated at the surface of bulk components exposed to severe wear, erosion and mechanical deformation. Indeed, the microstructural changes associated with railroad steel during high-speed train movements could successfully be simulated by subjecting the same material to mechanical attrition (or an accelerated process of wear) in high-energy mechanical milling under predetermined conditions.

AISI 316 stainless steel and similar ferrous materials are often coated on Al based light alloys to improve wear resistance. Therefore, ball milling of pre-alloyed AISI 316 stainless steel and elemental Al powder blend in different proportion may simulate the microstructural evolution at different locations of the alloyed zones extending from the coated surface (pure stainless steel) to the underlying bulk (Al-alloy).

The present study aims to examine the phase evolution in blends comprising different proportions of stainless steel and Al (0, 25, 65 and 85 wt. %) powders during high-energy ball milling though x-ray diffraction analysis, scanning electron microcopy and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. An attempt has also been made to study the mechanical property of the bulk samples obtained by hot pressing the ball milled powder blend at suitable temperature and pressure. In the present paper, we will present our results on the microstructural changes and mechanical property and discuss the utility of consolidation of amorphous/nanocrystalline powders by high-pressure technique to develop engineering components.

Legal notice
  • Legal notice:

    Copyright (c) Pielaszek Research, all rights reserved.
    The above materials, including auxiliary resources, are subject to Publisher's copyright and the Author(s) intellectual rights. Without limiting Author(s) rights under respective Copyright Transfer Agreement, no part of the above documents may be reproduced without the express written permission of Pielaszek Research, the Publisher. Express permission from the Author(s) is required to use the above materials for academic purposes, such as lectures or scientific presentations.
    In every case, proper references including Author(s) name(s) and URL of this webpage: http://science24.com/paper/3932 must be provided.


Related papers
  1. Optical oxygen sensor for safe operation in hazardous areas
  2.   Optical oxygen sensor for safe operation  in hazardous areas
  3. Quo Vadis nanotechnology- for various stakeholders
  4. Opening of the Thursday Sessions of NanoPl 2014
  5. Microwave reactors for nanoparticle's synthesis
  6. Opening of Nano-Bio-Med session
  7. Bioactive GoHAP nanoparticles and their applications in medical implants technology
  8. Wykorzystanie metody NTA (Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis) w ocenie wielkości krążących mikrocząstek osocza i innych płynów fizjologicznych: pułapki i triki
  9. Advanced characterisation of nanomaterials according to ISO 17025 Norm

  10. Microwave solvothermal synthesis of resorbable nano-HAp with controlled grain size.
  11. Microwave Solvothermal Synthesis of Nano Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles
  12. Microwave Solvothermal Technology (MSS) for nanoparticle synthesis
  13. [CEPT] Solvothermal synthesis nano zinc oxide in  microwave reactor MSS2
  14. [CEPT] Solvothermal synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials in the Laboratory of Nanostructures for Photonics and Nanomedicine, Center of Bio-Nanomaterials
  15. Scanning Electron Microscopy Investigations and Analysis of Nanostructures
  16. Polish Nanotechnology Platform - a discussion group at Linked-In
  17. Novel optical oxygen sensor for life and health protection made of nano-zirconia
  18. Nanometrology as a tool for nanotechnology problems solving
  19. Creating a Polish Nano-Bio-Technology and  Nano-Medicine Platform?
  20. MSS synthesis of highly biocompatible nano-HAP and coating of 3D poymer scaffolds
  21. Nanotechnologie w gospodarce województwa podlaskiego
  22. Petri Dish Generation III
  23. Characterization of nanomaterials according to EU recommendations, on the example of ZnO nanoparticles
  24. [CEPT] Nanohydroxyapatite-polylactide composites  for regenerative implants
  25. [CEPT] MSS synthesis of highly biocompatible nano-HAP with properties depending on the synthesis time.
  26. [CEPT] Studies of nanoparticles size distribution
  27. [CEPT] Studies of solubility of nanoparticles and stability of their suspension
  28. Iinvestigation of nanoparticles by DSC-TG methods accompanied by chemical analysis of emitted gas
  29. Presentation of the  Laboratory of Nanostructures for Photonics and Nanomedicine, Center of Bio-Nanomaterials, CePT
  30. ZnO nanoparticles effect on integrity of human endothelial cells
  31. Importance and trends in nanomedicine according  European Nanomedicine Platform survey
  32. Application of the Zeiss Ultra Plus scanning microscopy in bio-nanotechnology 
  33. Welcome address
  34. Otwarcie NanoInfoDay, Powitanie
  35. Characteristic of hydroxyapatite dense nanoceramic produced by The High Pressure Consolidation  
  36. Wpływ parametrów materiałowo-technicznych na właściwości optycznego czujnika tlenu na bazie nano-ZrO2
  37. Synteza nano-ZnO przy pomocy reaktora Mettler Toledo w Laboratorium Nanostruktur dla Fotoniki i Nanomedycyny CePT.
  38. Infrastruktura i specjalizacje nanotechnologii w Polsce na podstawie wyników ankiety NANOFORCE
  39. Solwotermalna synteza domieszkowanego nanotlenku cynku dla projektu NanoFATE. Otrzymywanie wodnych nanozawiesin domieszkowanego tlenku cynku.
  40. Nanotechnologia bezpieczna dla ludzi i przyjazna środowisku
  41. Badania rozkładu wielkości cząstek i potencjału zeta w Laboratorium Nanostruktur dla Fotoniki i Nanomedycyny CePT
  42. Badanie stabilności i rozpuszczalności zawiesin z nano ZnO i nano ZnO:Co otrzymanych w  Laboratorium Nanostrutur dla Fotoniki i Nanomedycyny CePT
  43. Badania nanoproszków przy pomocy technik DSC-TG/ QMS-FTIR w Laboratorium Nanostruktur dla Fotoniki i Nanomedycyny CePT
  44. Synthesis of highly biocompatible hydroxyapatite nanopowders
  45. Nanosafety - challenge of nowadays
  46. Influence of heat treatment on luminescence of ZrO+ Eu nanopowders
  47. Solvothermal synthesis of doped nano zinc oxide for the project NanoFATE.
  48. Podsumowanie
  49. Solwotermalna synteza domieszkowanego nano tlenku cynku dla projektu NanoFATE.
  50. Hydrothermal Synthesis of Zinc Oxide Nanopowders
  51. Optyczny sensor tlenu na bazie nanokrystalicznego ZrO2
  52. Solvothermal synthesis of nonstoichiometric hydroxyapatite nanoparticles
  53. Solvothermal synthesis of nonstoichiometric hydroxyapatite nanoparticles
  54. Mechanical properties of nanomaterials
  55. Procedury charakteryzacji nanoproszków
  56. Oferty nanoproszków - Laboratorium Nanostruktur, Instytut Wysokich Ciśnien PAN
  57. Nanofotonika dla małych i średnich przedsiębiorstw - mapy dorogowe i analizy SWOT  najważniejszych technologii.
  58. Otwarcie konferencji
  59. Polska  Platforma Nanotechnologii i zarys strategicznego programu "Nanotechnologia i wzrost inwestycji w B&R w Polsce"
  60. Nowe mikrofalowe reaktory do syntez nanocząstek - wybrane zagadnienia badawcze i przykłady zastosowań
  61. ZrO2:Tb nanopowders obtained by coprecipitation method
  62. ZnFe2O4/ZnO core-shell particles obtained by coprecipitation route
  63. Hydrothermal Synthesis of ZnAl2O4 Spinel
  64. Localization of rare-earth dopants in the lattice of nanocrystalline ZrO2 - EXAFS study
  65. Advanced nanoporous yttria-stabilized zirconia ceramics for luminescent oxygen sensors
  66. Excitation transfer in zirconia nanocrystals and ceramics
  67. Eu Luminescence in zirconia nanocrystals
  68. ZnO ceramic sintering and luminescence properties
  69. Oferta zaawansowanych materiałów w perspektywie 5 - 20 lat
  70. Strategia rozwoju badań nanoproszków
  71. Error bars in powder diffraction
  72. Synthesis of doped ZnO nanopowders in microwave hydrothermal reactors
  73. Characterization of nanopowders
  74. Synthesis of Al doped ZnO nanopowders and their enhanced luminescence
  75. Synthesis of nanopowders in supercritical water in a continuous flow reactor
  76. A summary of results obtained in Working Group 002 "Synthesis and Processing of Nanopowders"
  77. Summary of activities of Working Group D30/003 "Synthesis and Processing of Nanopowders"
  78. Doped zirconia nanopowders made in microwave – pressure reactor
  79. Combining microwave and pressure techniques for hydrothermal synthesis of ZnO and ZrO2 nanopowders doped with a range of metal ions
  80. Luminescence properties of zinc oxide nanopowders doped with Al ions obtained by the hydrothermal and vapour condensation methods.
  81. Nanofluid – A New Concept for Advanced Heat Transfer Applications
  82. Mechanical property of nano-TiO2 dispersed Al65Cu20Ti15 amorphous/nanocrystalline matrix bulk composite prepared by mechanical alloying and high pressure sintering
  83. Microwave technique applied on the hydrothermal synthesis and sintering of calcia stabilized zirconia nanoparticles
  84. Luminescence properties of cerium doped Y3Al5O12 nanopowders and nanoceramic
  85. Yttrium-Aluminum Garnet Synthesized in the Medium of Supercritical Fluids
  86. Advanced nanostructural zirconia ceramics for optical oxygen sensors
  87. Study of undoped and doped zirconia nanocrystals luminescence
  88. Materials Development and Examples of TechTransfer
  89. Doping of ZnO nanopowders with Mn, Ni and Cr In an ultrasound and microwave driver hydrothermal reaction
  90. Localization of rare-earth dopants in the lattice of nanocrystalline ZrO2 - EXAFS study
  91. Zirconia-based nanomaterials for oxygen sensor - generation, characterisation and optical properties
  92. Production of doped and non doped ceramics nanoparticles for optical applications
  93. Synthesis, sintering and properties of doped nanocrystalline powders of zirconia, zinc oxide and yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG)
  94. Characterization of nanocrystalline ZrO2 doped with Rare-Earth elements synthesized via High Pressure Hydrothermal Method
  95. Particle Size Distribution of ZrO2:Pr3+- Influences of pH, High Power Ultrasound, Surfactant and Dopant Quantity
  96. Time-Resolved Luminescence Characteristics of Doped YAG and YAP Nanopowders
  97. Cathodoluminescence of Al doped ZnO nanopowders
  98. Morphology of Al doped Zinc Oxide Obtained using Hydrothermal and Vapour Condensation Methods
  99. Luminescence and structural properties of rare-earth doped YAG nanoceramics
  100. Optimization of conditions of preparation of YAG nanopowders for sintering of translucent ceramics
  101. The influence of ZrO2 containing 10% Eu 3+ on the polyurethane hard domain structure of nano-composites with luminescence properties
  102. Growth and properties of ytterbium doped KY(WO4)2 nanocomposites
  103. Investigations on the utilization of nano zinc oxides synthesized by hydrothermal method in rubber compounds
  104. Enhanced Bio-compatibility of Ti-6Al-4V by Laser Surface Engineering
  105. Doping of ZnO nanopowders with Mn and Cr in an ultrasound and microwave driven hydrothermal reaction
  106. Investigations of phase composition and grain size distribution in Pr doped ZrO2
  107. Nasze wyniki, zdania i sposoby ich realizacji
  108. Morphology of Al doped zinc oxide obtained by the vapour condensation method
  109. The comparison of the properties of YAG obtained by coprecipitation and SCR method
  110. Synthesis of nanopowders at elevated pressure and their characterisation - summary of work of the WG-002
  111. Accuracy of XRD size measurements of nanocrystals
  112. Morphology of Al-Doped Zinc Oxide Obtained by the Vapour Condensation Methods
  113. SWOT analysis of various reactors used for synthesis of nanopwoders in our Working Group
  114. Preliminary research on zirconia based optical oxygen sensor
  115. Preparation and electrical properties of the BaTiO3 nanoceramics
  116. Current trends in the development of metallic nanomaterials: results of a study carried out within the EC project Nanoroad SME
  117. Time-resolved luminescence of nanostructured ZnO
  118. Prediction of degree of localisation of misfit dislocation cores in intercrystalline interfaces based on interfacial adhesion
  119. Kinetic and thermodynamic factors leading to dissolution of cementite in pearlitic steel subjected to severe plastic deformation under pressure
  120. Yttria stabilized zirconia nanocrystals luminescence
  121. Application of XRD diffraction methods for determination of grain size distribution in nanoparticles
  122. Optical investigations of RE-doped YAG nanoceramics
  123. Laser Composite Surfacing of Stainless Steel with SiC
  124. Laser assisted fabrication of Co on Ti for bio-implant application
  125. Electrical properties of nanocrystalline ZrO2 at high-pressure
  126. High-pressure Induced Structural Decomposition of RE-doped YAG Nanoceramics
  127. Synthesis of Al-doped ZnO nanomaterials with controlled luminescence properties
  128. Combination of ECAP and Hydrostatic Extrusion for ultra-fine grain (UFG) microstructure generation in 99.98% nickel.
  129. Phase transformations in pearlitic steels induced by severe plastic deformation.
  130. Mechanical properties and deformation behaviour of ultra-fine grained nickel.
  131. Grain Size and Grain Size Distribution of Nanocrystalline Pr-doped Zirconia Powders Obtained in High Pressure Microwave Reactor
  132. Influence of synthesis conditions on the particles size and the morphology of zinc oxide nanopowders
  133. Measuring the Grain Size Distribution of Pr-doped Zirconia Nanopowders obtained by Microwave Driven Hydrothermal Synthesis
  134. Excellent mechanical properties of UFG metals and alloys, subjected to combination of severe plastic deformation methods.
  135. An FT-IR Spectroscopic Investigation of Hydroxide Groups in Nano-Crystals of ZrO2.
  136. Development of microstructure and mechanical properties in nickel deformed by hydrostatic extrusion
  137. Structural and luminescence properties of yttrium-aluminum garnet (YAG) nanoceramics
  138. Biocompatibility of thin films based on hydrothermal synthesized HAp
  139. Hybrid HAp- maleic anhydride copolymer nanocomposites obtained by in situ functionalisation
  140. Fabrication and electrical properties of Eu3+:BaTiO3 nanoceramics for SOFC
  141. Luminescence of ZrO2 nanocrystals
  142. Molecular impurities in the luminescent ZnO nanocrystals
  143. X-Ray investigations of the natural and artificial White Etching Layer
  144. Diffusion and diffusion induced defects in GaN
  145. Excellent Mechanical Properties of Nickel Processed by High Pressure Techniques
  146. Microwave driven hydrothermal synthesis of iron oxide - the effect of process parameter on the properties of the nanopowders
  147. Relaxation processes in ZrO2 at high pressures
  148. Luminescence of ZrO2 and ZnO nanocrystals
  149. Zinc oxide nanopowders obtained by the microwave-hydrothermal route
  150. Microwave driven hydrothermal synthesis of Pr-doped zirconia nanopowders
  151. New hydroxyapatite based nanomaterials for potential use in medical fields
  152. Markets and Economical Aspects of Nano- and Microtechnology Related Products
  153. Diamond- an emerging material for medical and technical applications
  154. Correlation between high-pressure ZrO2 electrical properties and crystallite size
  155. High Performance Nanoscale Materials and Bulk Metallic Glass
  156. Precise determination of full Grain Size Distribution from diffraction peak profile as a result of kinematical theory of diffraction for polidispersive nanomaterials
  157. Pressure Effect on Grain Boundary Diffusion in Al Bicrystals
  158. Microstructure of Surface Layers of Raiways After Heavy Exploatation
  159. Obtaining Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Materials by Plastic Deformation and Mechanical Alloying
  160. Normal Grain Growth in 2-d Strips of Polycrystalline Aluminium Under High Pressure
  161. Reaction Diffusion in Metallic Systems under High Pressure
  162. High Pressure Effect on Grain Boundary Wetting in Aluminium Bicrystals
  163. Pressure Effect on Interface Energy, Diffusion and Reactions
  164. Microwave-Hydrothermal Synthesis of Nanostructured Pr-Doped Zirconia Powders
  165. The Strain Induced Cementite Dissolution in Carbon Steels-Experimental Facts and Theoretical Approach
  166. Effect of SPD Grain Refinement and Peculiarity of Structure and Mechanical Properties of UFG Ni
  167. Luminescense of Nanosize ZrO2
  168. Structure, Morphology and Luminescence Properties of Pr-doped Nanocrystalline ZrO2 Obtained by Hydrothermal Method
  169. Nanostructure Formation on the Surface of Railway Tracks and Wheelsets
  170. Hydrothermal Synthesis of Zinc Oxide Nanopowders with Microwaves Applications
  171. Microwave Driven Hydrothermal Synthesis of Iron Oxide Nanopowders
  172. Indentation Technique for Determination if Mechanical Behavior of Nanomaterials (Bulk and Coatings)

Presentation: oral at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2005, Symposium I, by Indranil Manna
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2005

Submitted: 2005-06-03 18:31
Revised:   2009-06-07 00:44
Web science24.com
© 1998-2021 pielaszek research, all rights reserved Powered by the Conference Engine