The Role of Stress and Stress Anisotropy in Semiconductor Nanostructures Self-Assembling

Maria Ujue Gonzalez 

Instituto de Microelectronica de Madrid (CNM-CSIC), Madrid, Spain

Abstract


THE ROLE OF STRESS AND STRESS ANISOTROPY IN SEMICONDUCTOR
NANOSTRUCTURES SELF-ASSEMBLING. M.U. González, J.P. Silveira, J.M.
García, L. González, Y. González, F. Briones. Instituto de
Microelectrónica de Madrid (CNM-CSIC). C/ Isaac Newton, 8 (PTM).
28760-Tres Cantos (Madrid). Spain
Stress relaxation during growth of lattice-mismatched III-V
semiconductor compounds can induce the formation of nanostructures. By
means of an in situ and in real-time stress measurements technique, we
have followed the nanostructures self-assembling process in different
heteroepitaxial semiconductor systems. After explaining the basis of
these in situ stress measurements, the results we have obtained on
quantum dots and quantum wires formation in the systems InAs/GaAs
(001), InAs/InP (001) and GaSb/GaAs (001) will be presented, together
with the similarities and differences between the three systems. In
the InAs/GaAs (001) system, where quantum dots are obtained, we have
detected a limited In incorporation during the pseudomorphic growth of
InAs on GaAs. The well known In segregation process is originated by
the incorporation of this floating In during GaAs overgrowth. For
InAs/InP, we have found the existence of a higher stress along [110]
direction than along [1-10] when growing this system by standard
molecular beam epitaxy conditions. This stress anisotropy leads to the
formation of quantum wires instead of quantum dots in this system.
Finally, during growth of the GaSb/GaAs (001) system quantum dots are
also formed. In this case, the stress measurements show clearly the
presence of mass transport coming from the wetting layer during dots
formation.

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Presentation: oral at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2002, by Maria Ujue Gonzalez
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2002

Submitted: 2003-02-16 17:33
Revised:   2009-06-08 12:55
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