Econometric analysis of chosen labour market tendencies in the European Union

Jacek A. Batóg 

Uniwersytet Szczeciński, Al. Papieża Jana Pawła II 22a, Szczecin 70-453, Poland

Abstract

The paper will deal with the analysis of the dynamics and the differentiation of basic variables that characterize the employment of the European Union’s countries and chosen world economies treated as reference objects. Conducted research will consider such variables as share of total labour compensation in GDP, the number of worked hours, changes of employment level and labour productivity. According to the economic theory especially this last variable plays the decisive role in the formation of the long-term economic growth. Interesting could be also the analysis of relations between indicated variables as well as the evaluation of the influence of the economic crisis on their behaviour. A main statistical data source will be the Total Economy Database published by The Conference Board. The author will verify the hypothesis that there exists growing international differentiation of basic determinants and characteristics of labour force utilization. The conclusions will be drawn with use of research methods of time series analysis and methods of the statistical multidimensional analysis. Within the framework of the latest the cluster analysis will be applied to derive homogenous groups of countries according to the specificity of labour resources and utilization. In addition an idea of the marginal convergence will be used for explaining differences appearing in contribution and speed of convergence of particular European Union countries.

References

Batóg B., Batóg J. (2001), Analiza zbieżności struktur zatrudnienia w wybranych krajach wysokorozwiniętych, J. Hozer (ed.): Mikroekonometria w teorii i praktyce, Zeszyty Naukowe nr 320, Prace Katedry Ekonometrii i Statystyki nr 11, Uniwersytet Szczeciński, Szczecin.

Batóg J. (2013), Analiza krańcowej pionowej konwergencji dochodowej typu β w krajach Unii Europejskiej w latach 1993-2010, Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego nr 755, Studia i Prace Wydziału Nauk Ekonomicznych i Zarządzania nr 31, Metody ilościowe w ekonomii, Tom 1, Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego, Szczecin 2013.

Boeri T., Brücker H. (2001), Eastern Enlargement and EU-Labour-Markets: Perceptions, Challenges and Opportunities, World Economics, Vol. 2, No. 1.

Doyle E. & O'Leary E. (1999), The Role of Structural Change in Labour Productivity Convergence Among European Union Countries: 1970-1990, Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 26, Issue 2, Glasgow.

Hautamäki V., Cherednichenko S., Kärkkäinen I., Kinnunen T., Fränti P. (2005), Improving K-Means by Outlier Removal, H. Kalviainen, J. Parkkinen, A. Kaarna (eds.), Image Analysis, 14th Scandinavian Conference, SCIA 2005, Joensuu, Finland, June 19-22, 2005, Proceedings, Series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 3540, Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Ray M. A., Harvey J. T. (1995), Employment Changes in the European Economic Community, A Shift-share Analysis, Review of Regional Studies, Vol. 25, Issue 1.

Rutkowski J. (2006), Labour Market Developments during Economic Transition, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, 3894.

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Presentation: Oral at Current Economic and Social Topics 2015, by Jacek A. Batóg
See On-line Journal of Current Economic and Social Topics 2015

Submitted: 2015-10-15 10:30
Revised:   2016-03-21 22:35
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