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Development of spherical carbon structures for carbon dioxide capture

Dominik Jamioła ,  Weronika Fahrenholz ,  Jerzy Choma 

Military University of Technology, Faculty of Advanced Technology and Chemistry, Kaliskiego 2, Warszawa 00-908, Poland


In recent times a lot of attention was focued on nanoporous spherical carbon structures because of their unique properties [1]. Their exhibit thermal and chemical resistance, easy preparation, tunable pore structures and relative low cost. These advantages make them attractive for various applications in the fields of environmental protection (industrial capture of carbon dioxide), catalysis and energy storage [2].

In this work we have shown an effective recipe for preparation of monodisperse carbon spheres with diameters in the range 100-1000 nm and extended micropore structure. Synthesis of carbon spheres was based on the ammonia-catalyzed polymerization of resorcinol and formaldehyde in the ethanol-water phase [3]. The polymerization products upon subsequent heat-treatment for improving cross-linking of polymers and carbonization yielded carbon spheres. The KOH-activation process was performed in order to enhance microporosity carbon spheres. The obtained materials morphology was characterized by scanning electron microscope (ULTRA ZEISS, Germany). Adsorption properties were determined based on low-temperature nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms. The calculated value of the specific surface area was larger than 2500 m2/g and total pore volume was ca. 1,1 cm3/g. Carbon dioxide (CO2) adsorpton isoterms were obtained at 0oC on ASAP 2020 system. The obtianed carbon spheres exhibited very high CO2  uptake of 7,5 mmol/g.   The interesting properties of fabricated micro-porous carbon spheres make them potentially useful in many practical applications.     


[1] J. Tascon Novel Carbon Adsorbents, Elsevier, 2012

[2] N. P. Wickramaratne, M. Jaroniec, Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2013, 1849-1855

[3] J. Liu, S. Z. Qiao, H. Liu, J. Chen, A. Orpe, D. Zhao, Q. G. Liu, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 2011, 50, 5947


This project has been funded with support from the National Science Centre  - grant no. DEC-2011/03/N/ST5/04444.


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Related papers

Presentation: Poster at Nano and Advanced Materials Workshop and Fair, by Dominik Jamioła
See On-line Journal of Nano and Advanced Materials Workshop and Fair

Submitted: 2013-07-20 22:08
Revised:   2013-09-10 15:24