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New generation barrier materials protecting man against harmful impacts of the environment - POIG 01.03.01-00-006/08 ENVIROTEX
|Jadwiga Sójka-Ledakowicz 1, Wojciech Czajkowski 1, Teofil Jesionowski 2, Anetta B. Walawska 1|
1. Textile Research Institute (Instytut Włókiennictwa), Brzezińska 5/15, Łódź 92-103, Poland
ENVIROTEX individual key project no. POIG 01.03.01.-00-006/08
Operational Programme Innovative Economy 2007-2013
Priority Axis I Research and development of modern technologies
Measure 1.3 Support for R&D projects for entrepreneurs carried out by scientific entities
Submeasure 1.3.1 Development projects
Project duration: 28.02.2007 - 28.02.2014
Head of the Project team: dr eng. Jadwiga Sójka-Ledakowicz, Associate Professor
Project is co-financed (85%) by European Regional Development Fund.
Project leader: Textile Research Institute (IW), Łódź
Wroclaw Technical University, Faculty of Electronics, Institute of Telecommunication, Teleinformatics and Acoustics and Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Institute of Electrical Engineering Fundamentals
Poznan University of Technology, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering
Nofer's Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz
Central Institute for Labour Protection - National Research Institute, Warsaw
The Institute of Security Technology Moratex, Lodz
Main research areas:
Barrier materials protecting against electromagnetic fields
Barrier materials protecting against ultraviolet radiation
Barrier materials protecting against static electricity
Modifiers for barrier materials protecting against UV radiation
Barrier camouflage materials protecting against UV - VIS, IR and microwave
The aim of research works of the whole project is:
- technology development of new generation barrier materials based on textile carriers/substrates, protecting men against harmful impacts of the environment: electromagnetic fields (EMF), static electricity as well as ultraviolet radiation (UV) - visible, infrared and microwave,
- introduction onto local and European market newly developed materials which will enlarge the range of Polish made protective goods matching the quality and innovative character of world class products.
BARRIER MATERIALS PROTECTING AGAINST ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION
One of the main tasks within the project concerned protection against ultraviolet (UV) radiation emitted by natural and artificial sources. The task aim was the development of textiles which could be applied as elements for work apparel protecting men in workplaces and as protective covers (blinds, screens) for museum collections, old prints, etc.
Currently people are more aware of the harmful influence of UV onto human skin. Medical tests confirm that UVB range is responsible for changes occurring in DNA structure as the result of photo-chemical processes; this might cause skin cancer. Workers performing their job in the open air (building, fishery, farming) are mostly exposed to the danger of serious skin changes due to sun rays.
With reference to UV sources it was necessary to develop the range of protective textiles which could be applied for different UV wave-range expositions, e.g. only for UVC, UVA and UVB, UVC and UVB, or the whole UV spectrum.
Functionalisation of textiles by nanotechnology methods, especially by introduction to textile substrate or into its surface functional nanoparticles allowed to obtain new textile UV barriers.
A range of new absorbers of UV radiation has been developed to enhance barrier properties of textiles:
- inorganic compounds: nanoparticles of titanium dioxide or zinc oxide,
- organic compounds: non-ionic - "direct" dyestuff type (anionic or cationic) or "reactive" dyestuff type,
- compositions of organic and inorganic substances.
The studies were directed onto the development of new organic UV absorbers and UV blockers in the form of micronized particles of metal oxides (Ti, Zn) and hybrids (TiO2/SiO2, ZnO/SiO2). The surface of micro- and nano-particles of metal oxides and their hybrids was additionally modified.
The achieved metal oxides were incorporated into the structure of textile fabrics applying dip coating and coating methods. A very important stage was the suitable pre-treatment of textile substrate to enhance its adhesive properties. It has been stated that textile fabrics modified with metal oxides show:
Within this project the synthesis of a range of new, efficient UV absorbers was worked out. Obtained compounds display high affinity for cellulose fibres and significant molar absorption in UVB range of radiation. So called "direct type" absorbers show increased resistance to hydrolysis when compared with "reactive type" absorbers. New absorbers can be applied on fabrics the same way as direct dyes during dyeing process, or used as additives to common detergents and siftening liquids. In case of fabrics made of cellulose fibres it is adavantageous to apply absorbers which in their particle contain systems able to react with cellulose hydroxyl groups. Chemical bonding of absorber with fibres provides long-term barrier properties resistant to multiple washing cycles.
As a reslut high-tech barrier materials (UPF > 40) for special applications have been produced which are suitable for protective clothing for various profession groups (farmers, road and rail workers, food industry workers) and to protect museum collections (art and book collections, archives, etc).
Achieved absorbers - inorganic and organic, and textile fabrics modified in laboratory conditions, after detailed tests, carried out in Institute of Occupational Medicine, Have been considered as safe for potential users. They have been applied to obtain protective clothing containing cotton and bamboo viscose fibres providing high comfort of wearing. New fabrics have been used in clothing items, i.e. shirts, caps, hand covers - a trial batch has been tested in real conditions and approved for work apparel/protective covers by the workers of:
Municipal Transport Service (MPK) in Lodz - road and rail workers (natural UV),
Project achievements / UV area
Patent applications: in Poland, abroad 2
Conference presentations: ca. 20
Currently the project team enters into commercialisation procedure of:
- Technology of obtaining inorganic modifiers
Presented technologies and products have been awarded at international fairs of inventions, e.g. in Brussels (Brussels Innova), Paris (Concours Lepine), Nuremberg (IENA), Warsaw (IWIS), Seul (Women Inventors).
This publication was prepared within the key project ENVIROTEX - PO IG no. 01.03.01-00-006/08 co-financed from the funds of European Regional Development Fund within the framework of the Operational Programme Innovative Economy 2007-2013.
Presentation: Polish Research Projects at Nano and Advanced Materials Workshop and Fair, by Anetta B. Walawska
See On-line Journal of Nano and Advanced Materials Workshop and Fair
Submitted: 2013-06-28 15:15 Revised: 2013-08-26 13:14