Nanostructural characterization and magnetic properties of pure and Fe, Co or Mn-doped TiO2 nanopowders prepared by Solar Physical Vapor Deposition (SPVD)

Jules KOUAM 2Janusz D. Fidelus 1Larisa Grigorjeva 3Alexei Kuzmin 3Felipe SANDIUMENGE 4Lluis BALCELLS 4Marisol S. Martín-Gonzalez 5Claude J. Monty 2

1. Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of High Pressure Physics (UNIPRESS), Sokolowska 29/37, Warszawa 01-142, Poland
2. CNRS laboratoire Procedes, Materiaux et Energie solaire (PROMES), BP5 Odeillo, Font-Romeu 66120, France
3. Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, 8 Kengaraga, Riga LV-1063, Latvia
4. Institut de Ciencia de Materials (ICMAB) - CSIC (ICMAB), Campus de la UAB, Barcelona 080193, Spain
5. Instituto de Microelectronica de Madrid (CNM-CSIC), Madrid, Spain


It is well known that the incorporation of metal ions in TiO2 powder may substantially change their bulk and surface properties such as magnetic properties or photocatalytic activity. The main parameters include the character and concentration of the dopant and the thermal treatments.

In this work we present results of the synthesis of transition metal (TM-) doped TiO2 powders using the Solar Physical Vapor Deposition process (SPVD) in a 2kW solar reactor as well as the characterization using XRD, SEM, TEM and HRTEM, XPS and Raman spectroscopy.

Depending on the air pressure in the solar reactor during the vaporization-condensation process, Anatase or Rutile phase, or a mixture of both, was obtained. Average grain sizes were measured from XRD peaks width. For pure TiO2 they vary in between 15 and 30 nm.

The Rutile phase is the major phase but the Anatase phase has an important contribution. We have found in Ti1-xFexO2 targets, that the grain size of the nanopowders depends on the phase studied : the Rutile grain size increases with the metal content increasing (x=0.01 and x=0.02).

Magnetic measurements, performed by SQUID magnetometer, make evident the paramagnetic character of Fe, Co and Mn doped TiO2 nanopowders.


We are indebted to the EC program SOLFACE (6th PCRDT) and to the French ECO-NET program (EGIDE) for supporting a part of this work.

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Presentation: Poster at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2008, Symposium D, by Janusz D. Fidelus
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2008

Submitted: 2008-05-28 13:09
Revised:   2009-06-07 00:48
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