Synthesis of vanadium doped TiO2 nanowires: thermal stability and photoactivity for hydrogen production by water splitting.

Daniela D'Elia 1,2Yoshikazu Suzuki 3Marie-Hélène Berger 4Jean-Christophe Valmalette 5Jean-Francois Hochepied 1Christian Beauger 2Arnaud Rigacci 2Patrick Achard 2

1. Laboratoire de Systemes Colloidaux dans le Processus Industriels (SCPI), Ecole des Mines de Paris, Paris F - 75272, France
2. Ecole des Mines de Paris, Center for Energy and Processes, Sophia Antipolis 06904, France
3. Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
4. Ecole des Mines de Paris Center of Materials EVRY, Paris 91003, France
5. Universite du Sud Toulon-Var (UTV), Av. de l'université Bat.R., La Garde, Toulon 83957, France


The most important energy challenge of the near future is to produce clean energy from renewable sources. The using of solar energy to split water in order to produce hydrogen can represent a good solution. In addition this process uses TiO2 as catalyst, cheap, abundant and chemical stable material.

In the recent years  titania nanotubes, nanowires, nanofibers, nanorods,  have been investigated to create pathways, potentially enhancing electron percolation, light conversion, as well as to improve ion diffusion at the semiconductor–electrolyte interface [1].

From the pioneers works of  Kasuga [2] many studies have been carried out in order to improve the performances of the 1 D titania structures. Ion doping is one of  the most classical and efficient technique to avoid the fast recombination of the photo-generated electron/hole pairs and  to shift the photo-response of  TiO2 into visible spectrum [3]. Particularly interesting is the effect of the introduction of  vanadium in the TiO2 lattice [4].

In this work anatase nanowires have been doped with vanadium by wet impregnation technique using VO(acac)2. After calcination treatment the samples have been characterized by Xray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms applying BET model, Transmission Electron Microscopy, HT-XRD, Infra-red and Raman spectroscopy. Photocatalytic H2 production reaction, carried out on TiO2 suspensions in a closed gas-circulation system using a high-pressure Hg lamp as the light source, has been also discussed.


[1] Paulose M and alt. Journal of  Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry 178 (2006) 8–15

[2] Kasuga T, Hiramatsu M, Hoson A, Sekino T, Niihara K Langmuir 14 (1998) 3160.

[3] Choi WY, Termin A, Hoffmann MR Journal of Physical Chemistry 98 (1994) 51  13669-13679

[4] Klosek S, Raftery D  Journal of Physical Chemistry  B 105 (2001)  14  2815-2819   

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Presentation: Oral at E-MRS Fall Meeting 2008, Symposium D, by Daniela D'Elia
See On-line Journal of E-MRS Fall Meeting 2008

Submitted: 2008-05-19 13:46
Revised:   2009-06-07 00:48
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